Creating Waves of Awareness
Environmental and occupational factors e.g. air pollution by vehiculer emission and industrial air pollution, play a great role in causing asthma, throat congestion , excessive sneezing, silicosis, asbestosis and other respiratory tract problems. In those cases, homeopathy remedies might be of great help in adddressing those problems along with some preventive measures and air quality management.
Dr. M. Ahmed
Detailed comparative study of 37 major remedies by one of the Argentinian masters.
Comparative study of seven polychrests - Lycopodium, Silica, Thuja, Medorrhinum, Natrium muriaticum, Kali carbonicum and Lachesis - covering thirty years of Candegabe's practical experience. The study focusses on the mind symptoms of each remedy. After a general description, Candegabe, as Masi and Mangialavori, organises the rubrics according to themes, which are then presented in a schematic diagram. The last part of the book compares the remedies mainly with other polychrests. A successful and inspirational work, which deepens our understanding of these major polychrests.
All English-speaking homoeopaths are aware that some of the most important homoeopathic remedies have their origin in Latin America. Because of the barrier of language, far fewer realise to what extent some of the most important work in homoeopathy also comes from that subcontinent.
In this comparative study of thirty-seven remedies, Dr Eugenio Candegabe displays how the materia medica may be reconstructed through the mental symptoms of the repertory, so as to find the remedy whose action most closely corresponds to the dynamic totality of an individual patient's life. These reconstructions are always substantiated in the provings from which the repertory symptoms were originally extracted.
The book is structured around seven principal chapters, each based on a major polychrest. Each chapter opens with a detailed description of the remedy, presenting all the rubrics that may in some way add to its fullest possible image. This is followed by a comprehensive synthesis of the symptomatology, summarising in a schematic diagram those few interrelated rubrics which best define the character of that remedy. These outstanding symptoms - not less than five or more than ten of them - are termed the Minimum Characteristic Syndrome.
Each chapter is completed by a differential analysis of the remedy against numerous other remedies whose own most significant features closely overlap the Minimum Characteristic Syndrome of the polychrest in question. The reader is reminded throughout that the value of symptoms will also be influenced by the miasmatic elements present within the case. This is a rigorous process by which the search for the simillimum is simplified and facilitated.
Eugenio Federico Candegabe qualified in medicine at the University of Buenos Aires in 1949. His interest in homoeopathy began as a result of successful homoeopathic treatment of members of his family, and in 1954 he went on to study the subject under his great mentor, Dr Tomas Pablo Paschero, with whom he subsequently worked closely. He was a founding member of the Argentine School of Homoeopathic Medicine in Buenos Aires, serving as Professor of Materia Medica from 1971 until 1986, when he was nominated Emeritus Professor. Dr Candegabe has travelled extensively in Europe and North and South America to teach and lecture on homoeopathy.
Recent Environmental Hazard News About Countertops
As sleek “engineered stone” countertops grow in popularity, safety experts are warning that workers who handle them are at particularly high risk from an old workplace hazard — silica, the mineral tied to silicosis, a debilitating and potentially deadly lung disease.
The countertops are made from processed quartz, a material containing silica levels as high as 90 percent, or twice the amount found in granite.
When slabs of engineered stone are cut and finished to fit a kitchen or bathroom, large quantities of silica particles are released. If workers inhale them, it can start a process leading to silicosis as well as to lung cancer and kidney disease.
The risks posed by the countertops are receiving new scrutiny after the Occupational Safety and Health Administration last week announced long-delayed rules to sharply reduce exposure to silica among workers. When announcing the changes, federal officials and safety experts also reiterated warnings about the silica-related risks posed by the new countertops.
Outside the United States, where the use of engineered stone products first took off, there have been numerous cases of silicosis. In Israel, for example, about 300 workers have been found to have the disease, including 22 patients who have undergone lung transplants, said Dr. Mordechai R. Kramer, who heads the Institute of Pulmonary Medicine in Petah Tikva, Israel.
The countertops do not pose risks to consumers in their homes. But workers handling engineered stone can have significant exposure to silica, particularly if they are working without proper equipment.
“It is the people who get the slabs and cut them to size who are at risk,” said Dr. Paul D. Blanc, a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, who specializes in occupational health.
Imports of engineered stone slabs into the United States grew by about 50 percent from 2013 to 2014, according to federal estimates. The products are popular with designers and consumers because they are attractive, durable, easy to clean and cheaper than granite counters.
To produce them, quartz stones are crushed, mixed with plastic and formed into slabs. During the process, colors and other materials are added to create a variety of surface finishes and textures.
Major manufacturers of the products, which are sold under brand names like Zodiaq, Caesarstone and Silestone, include DuPont; Caesarstone Sdot-Yam, a company based in Israel; and Cosentino, which has its headquarters in Spain.
Consumers buy the countertops though retail stores, choosing the colors and styles they want from samples. An outside contractor then goes to a customer’s home, takes measurements, and cuts, drills and finishes the countertop in a workshop.
A 2012 article in a medical publication, Chest Journal, reported on the outbreak of silicosis in workers in Israel. Two years later, another publication, The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, described a similar outbreak in Spain.
In that study, researchers reported that while the overall number of silicosis cases in Spain had declined from 2003 to 2007, the number of cases had subsequently risen, driven by cases involving engineered stone. In some instances, workers needed lung transplants to survive.
“The use of new construction materials such as quartz conglomerates has increased silicosis incidence due to intense occupational exposures,” that study concluded.
In the United States, workplace controls are often better than those found abroad. Nonetheless, a 2013 study by researchers at the University of Oklahoma, who surveyed the safety equipment used at countertop fabrication companies in that state, found that most protections were inadequate. Such companies often employ just a handful of people.
It is unclear in how many cases engineered stone has contributed to silicosis in the United States. Two years ago, Texas health officials reported the first documented case in the country of silicosis among countertop workers. The man, Ublester Rodriguez, had spent nearly a decade working with engineered stone countertops and other products containing silica.
Mr. Rodriguez, a 39-year-old father of three who lives in the Houston area, declined to be interviewed for this article, citing continuing litigation. But in a pretrial deposition, Mr. Rodriguez, who now breathes with the aid of an oxygen tank, testified he often left work covered in white dust.
“When you come out of that room, your eyes were like white,” he said. “White. Your hair — your hair was like totally white because of the dust.”
Manufacturers provide material safety data sheets describing the silica-related risks of engineered stone, and they say that worker hazards can be eliminated using controls such as protective respirators and equipment designed to trap silica dust, like power saws that release streams of water.
In response to written questions, Caesarstone said it did not know how many cases of silicosis had been reported among people working with its products or whether the annual number of those cases was rising or falling.
After the article in Chest Journal, Caesarstone threatened legal action against the publication, which had documented the outbreak of silicosis in Israel.
Originally, the article used the term “Caesarstone silicosis” in its title, in reference to the company’s major position in the Israeli market for engineered stone. But soon after the study appeared, Caesarstone threatened to bring a lawsuit against the American College of Chest Physicians, the organization that publishes the journal, unless the term was removed.
“Utilization of Caesarstone’s trademark and trade name as a name of a disease causes the company significant damage and irreparably harms its good will,” the company wrote in a 2012 letter.
In a statement, Dr. Richard S. Irwin, the publication’s editor in chief, said he decided to remove the term from the report because the types of silicosis described in it were not unique to Caesarstone but applied to engineered stone products in general.
“Chest did not make the change because of threatened legal action,” Dr. Irwin said in the statement.
Dr. Irwin added that the report’s authors agreed with his decision. Dr. Kramer, the Israeli physician who led the study, estimated that Caesarstone accounted for 99 percent of the market there, adding that the company had faced dozens of lawsuits from injured workers.
Dr. Blanc, the expert at the University of California, said the cases of silicosis related to engineered stone already reported may be the forerunners of many more to come.
Along with the United States, the use of engineered stone is also booming in China, a nation where workers often have little safety protection. “You can only imagine what is going on over there,” he said.
Correction: April 6, 2016
An article on Saturday about the potential hazards of engineered stone to workers who fashion it into so-called quartz countertops misidentified the natural stone material that has about half the amount of silica as engineered stone. It is granite, not marble.