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Froehlich’s Syndrome and Homoeopathy

© Dr. Rajneesh Kumar Sharma MD (Homoeopathy)

Dr. Swati Vishnoi BHMS

Dr. Preetika Lakhera BHMS

Dr. Mohammad Tayyab Daud BHMS

Dr. Mohammad Tayyab Amir BHMS

Dr. Vaishnavi Rathore BHMS

For well formatted and illustrated article, please see attached file-

Froelich Syndrome and Homoeopathy.pdf

Contents

Definition. 2

Etymology. 2

Pathophysiology. 2

Anatomy of Hypothalamus. 2

Preoptic region. 3

Supraoptic or anterior region. 3

Tuberal or middle region. 3

Mammillary or posterior region. 3

Physiology of Hypothalamus. 3

Functions of Hypothalamus. 3

Pathology of Froehlich syndrome. 4

Causes. 4

Infections. 4

Functional failure. 4

Traumatic. 5

Signs & Symptoms. 5

Diagnosis. 6

Differential diagnosis. 6

Prader Willi Syndrome. 6

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome. 6

Borjeson Syndrome. 6

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.. 6

Investigations. 6

Treatment. 6

Hormonal replacement therapy. 6

Surgery. 6

Dieting. 6

Homoeopathic treatment. 6

Common remedies for Froehlich’s syndrome. 7

Short repertory of Froehlich’s syndrome. 7

Bibliography. 10

Definition

Froehlich syndrome is a group of endocrine abnormalities, characterized by obesity and tertiary hypogonadism, originating from decreased levels in GnRH, due to a hypothalamic-pituitary disorder, resulting from damage to the hypothalamus (Psora/ Syphilis). It affects males more than females.

Etymology

Synonyms-

  • Adiposogenital Dystrophy
  • Babinski-Froelich Syndrome
  • Pehkrantsa-Babinski-Fröhlich Syndrome
  • Dystrophia Adiposogenitalis
  • Frolich's Syndrome
  • Hypothalamic Infantilism-Obesity
  • Launois-Cleret Syndrome
  • Sexual Infantilism

Pathophysiology

Anatomy of Hypothalamus

It is a small bilateral structure extends from the region of the optic chiasma to the caudal border of the mammillary bodies and lies below the Thalamus. It forms the floor and inferior part of the lateral walls of the 3rd ventricle, thus forming the ventral-most part of the diencephalon and is part of the limbic system. Hypothalamus connects the nervous system to the endocrine system via pituitary.

The hypothalamus is composed primarily of different nuclei. Hypothalamic nuclei are distinct masses of grey matter in the central nervous system that synthesize different hormones in response to physiological changes.

These nuclei have been grouped into four regions-

Hypothalamic region

Hypothalamic nuclei

Function

Preoptic region

Medial and lateral preoptic nuclei

Release of GnRH

Supraoptic or anterior region

Suprachiasmatic, supraoptic, paraventricular and anterior nuclei

Secretion of vasopressin (ADH, antidiuretic

hormone), oxytocin, and CRH (corticotropin releasing hormone)

Tuberal or middle region

Dorsomedial, ventromedial, arcuate, premammillary and lateral tuberal nuclei

Control of eating

Mammillary or posterior region

Mammillary and posterior nuclei

Thermoregulation

Physiology of Hypothalamus

The hypothalamus has actions of the nervous system as three beings-

  • Head ganglion of the autonomic nervous system
  • Circadian and seasonal clock for behavioral and sleep–wake functions
  • Neural center of the endocrine system

It is involved in the mediation of endocrine, autonomic and behavioral functions. The hypothalamus controls the release of 8 major hormones by the hypophysis, and is involved in-

  • Temperature regulation
  • Control of food and water intake
  • Sexual behavior and reproduction
  • Control of daily cycles in physiological state and behavior
  • Mediation of emotional responses
  • Autonomic system
  • Food intake
  • Temperature
  • Thirst – Fluid regulation
  • Endocrine
  • Reproduction
  • Sleep and wakefulness
  • Emotion
  • Stress
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Visceral function
  • Somatic
  • Reward & Punishment

Functions of Hypothalamus

In the hypothalamus, these systems are integrated with one another as well as with neocortical, limbic, and spinal influences. Together, they maintain homeostasis and participate in the substructure of emotion and affective behavior.

Pathology of Froehlich syndrome

Intrauterine infection (Syphilis) and intoxication (Psora), brain tumors (Psora/ Sycosis/ Syphilis), birth injuries of the head (Causa ocassionalis), etc. may cause destruction of nuclei (Syphilis). Froehlich syndrome or adiposogenital dystrophy is caused by damage to the nuclei of the hypothalamus, responsible for the regulation of appetite and the synthesis of hormones GnRH. Reduced or absent GnRH (Syphilis) leads to insufficiency of FSH and LH stimulation (Psora), resulting in failure of gonads development (Psora)-

In Boys

In girls

Gynecomastia

 

Atrophy or hypotrophy of testicles and penis

Atrophy or hypotrophy of vulva

Cryptorchidism

 

Delayed puberty 

Delayed puberty

Poor secondary sexual characteristics

Poor secondary sexual characteristics

Disrupted development of the skeleton

Disrupted development of the skeleton

Eunuchoid type stature

Eunuchoid type stature

Obesity

Obesity

Deficiency of ligament-joint system

Deficiency of ligament-joint system

Excess fat stored mostly in the abdomen, thighs, chest and face

Excess fat stored mostly in the abdomen, thighs, chest and face

The skin thin and dry

The skin thin and dry

Abnormalities in the gastro-intestinal tract

Abnormalities in the gastro-intestinal tract

Difficulty of the outflow of bile

Difficulty of the outflow of bile

Constipation

Constipation

Myocardial infarction due to cardiovascular degenerative changes occur in cardiac muscle

Myocardial infarction due to cardiovascular degenerative changes occur in cardiac muscle

Intellectual development of patients in most cases, normal, appropriate to the age and education

Intellectual development of patients in most cases, normal, appropriate to the age and education

Causes

Froehlich syndrome is the result of lesions in the hypothalamic nuclei, which may be infective, traumatic or functional.

Infections

Various infections of the brain- viral and bacterial meningitis (Psora), encephalitis (Psora), meningoencephalitis (Psora/ Sycosis), arachnoiditis (Psora/ Sycosis), toxoplasmosis (Syphilis) etc.

Functional failure

In some cases of Froehlich syndrome, the front or anterior portion of the pituitary gland fails to secrete the hormones (Syphilis) that are necessary for the onset of normal puberty.

Traumatic

Inflammatory changes due to trauma or erosions by a tumor (Causa ocassionalis) may also damage hypothalamic nuclei. Tumor of the pituitary is frequently the cause of damage to the hypothalamus in children and in adolescents, an expanding hollow cystic lesion, the craniopharyngioma (Psora/ Sycosis/ Syphilis).

Signs & Symptoms

  • Obesity
  • Growth retardation
  • Delayed puberty
  • Retarded sexual development, atrophy or hypoplasia of the gonads, and altered secondary sex characteristics
  • Headaches
  • Problems with vision
  • polyuria, polydipsia
  • Very delicate skin
  • Malformed or undersized fingernails
  • Mental retardation
  • Rarely diabetes mellitus

Diagnosis

Differential diagnosis

Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of Froehlich’s syndrome-

Prader Willi Syndrome

It is a disorder due to depleted gene at chromosome 15 characterized by diminished fetal activity, obesity, hypotonia, mental retardation, short stature, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, strabismus, small hands and feet and diabetes mellitus.

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome

Bardet–Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a ciliopathic human genetic disorder that produces many body systems, characterized principally by obesity, retinitis pigmentosa, polydactyly, hypogonadism, and renal failure in some cases.

Borjeson Syndrome

Borjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome (BFLS) is a rare genetic condition characterized by intellectual disability, obesity, seizures, hypogonadism, developmental delay and distinctive facial features.

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), also known as secondary or central hypogonadism, gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency or gonadotropin deficiency (GD), is a condition which is characterized by hypogonadism due to an impaired secretion of gonadotropins, including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), by the pituitary gland in the brain, and in turn decreased gonadotropin levels and a resultant lack of sex steroid production.

Investigations

Froehlich syndrome typically reveals low levels of pituitary hormones in blood and urine-

  • Follicle stimulating hormone
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • Testosterone
  • Estrogen

Imaging studies may reveal some lesions and evidence of intracranial tumors.

Treatment

Hormonal replacement therapy

Pituitary extracts may be administered to replace the missing hormones in patients with Froehlich syndrome.

Surgery

Tumors of the hypothalamus and pituitary should be surgically removed if possible.

Dieting

Appetite may be very difficult to manage, although weight control depends on this.

Homoeopathic treatment

Homoeopathic treatment being the only holistic method of therapy is the only effective treatment in Froehlich’s syndrome. The etiology, general manifestations by the lesions, constitutional analysis and proper posology is the sure shot option of treatment of this rare disorder.

Common remedies for Froehlich’s syndrome

Abrom-a. ACET-AC. Acon. adon. adren. aesc. Aeth. aether Agar. Agath-a. agn. aids. alet. alf. all-c. all-s. allox. aloe alum-p. alum-sil. Alum. alumn. am-act. am-c. Am-m. am-n. Ambr. amyg. anac. anan. androc. ang. Ant-c. ant-o. ant-t. antho. Anthraci. anthraco. Apis apoc. aran-sc. ARG-MET. ARG-N. arist-m. arizon-l. arn. Ars-br. ars-i. ars-s-f. ARS. Arum-t. asc-c. ASPAR. aster. atro. aur-ar. aur-i. Aur-m-n. Aur-m. aur-s. Aur. bac. Bad. bamb-a. bapt. BAR-C. bar-i. bar-m. bar-p. bar-s. bell-p-sp. Bell. benz-ac. Berb. Bism. bit-ar. Bor-ac. borx. bov. brach. brid-fr. Brom. BRY. Bufo bung-fa. but-ac. Cact. cadm-met. Cain. caj. calc-f. calc-i. CALC-P. calc-s. calc-sil. CALC. calen. Camph. CANN-I. cann-s. cann-xyz. Canth. Caps. carb-ac. Carb-an. carb-v. Carbn-s. Carc. card-m. Carl. caru. cassia-s. castm. castor-eq. caul. CAUST. cean. Cedr. cench. cephd-i. cerc-s. cere-s. cham. Chel. Chen-a. Chim. Chin. chinin-ar. chinin-s. Chion. Chlol. chlor. chlorpr. Cic. Cimic. cina cinnb. Clem. cob-n. cob. coc-c. coca Cocc. coch. cod. Coff. Colch. coli. coll. Coloc. Con. conch. conv. cop. cortico. cortiso. corv-cor. croc. Crot-c. crot-h. crot-t. cub. cupr-act. cupr-ar. cupr. cur. CYCL. cystein-l. cyt-l. dam. Daph. des-ac. Dig. dros. dulc. Echi. elaps elat. Equis-h. erig. ery-a. eucal. Eup-per. Eup-pur. euph. euphr. eupi. fab. fago. falco-pe. ferr-ar. ferr-i. ferr-m. ferr-ma. Ferr-p. Ferr. Fl-ac. flor-p. foen-an. form. friedr. gal-ac. galeg. gali. gamb. gard-j. GELS. germ-met. gink-b. gins. glon. glyc. glycyr-g. gnaph. GRAPH. grat. guaj. Gymne. Ham. hed. hedy. hell-o. hell. helo-s. Helon. HEP. hir. hydrang. hygroph-s. hyos. hyper. hypoth. IGN. indgf-a. ins. Inul. IOD. Ip. irid-met. Iris jatr-c. junc-e. kali-act. kali-ar. Kali-bi. kali-br. KALI-C. kali-chl. KALI-I. Kali-n. Kali-p. kali-perm. Kali-s. kali-sil. Kalm. kiss. kola KREOS. Lac-ac. LAC-C. Lac-d. lac-h. lac-leo. lach. lact. lappa laur. Lec. LED. lept. Lil-t. Lith-c. lith-f. lob. Lyc. lycpr. Lycps-v. Lyss. m-ambo. m-arct. m-aust. mag-act. Mag-c. mag-m. mag-o. Mag-p. Mag-s. mang-act. Mang. marb-w. med. melal-alt. Meli. meny. meph. Merc-c. merc-d. merc-i-f. Merc-i-r. merc-sul. MERC. mez. moni. morind-l. morind-m. morph. MOSCH. MUR-AC. Murx. mygal. Nat-ar. NAT-C. nat-ch. nat-lac. NAT-M. Nat-p. NAT-S. nauc-l. nep. nept-m. nicc-s. nicc. nit-ac. nux-m. Nux-v. oci-sa. ol-an. olnd. Op. opun-s. orch. orthos-s. ov. Ox-ac. oxyg. oxyt. ozone pall. pancr. pant-ac. par. peps. perh. pert. petr-ra. Petr. Petros. PH-AC. Phase. phlor. phor-t. PHOS. Phyt. pic-ac. pilo. pin-s. pitu-gl. pitu-p. Plan. plat. Plb. plut-n. Podo. polyg-h. positr. Prun. psil. psor. ptel. PULS. rad-br. rad-met. ran-b. Raph. rat. rauw. rheum Rhod. rhodi. Rhus-a. rhus-g. RHUS-R. RHUS-T. ribo. Ros-ca. rumx. ruta Sabad. sabal Sabin. sacch-a. sacch-l. sacch. sal-ac. sal-al. samb. sang. sanic. santin. sarcol-ac. saroth. sarr. Sars. scop. sec. sel. SENEC. Seneg. Sep. Ser-ang. SIL. sol-ni. spartin-s. spartin. SPIG. spong. SQUIL. stann. Staph. stict. stram. stront-c. stroph-s. stry-ar. succ-ac. sul-ac. sul-i. sulfa. sulfonam. SULPH. suprar. syph. SYZYG. tab. taosc. Tarax. tarent. tax. tell. TER. Terebe. term-a. testis Teucr. Ther. thiam. thiosin. Thuj. thym-gl. thymol. Thyr. Thyroiod. toxo-g. trad. tril-p. tritic-vg. Tub. tung-met. upa. uran-m. uran-met. URAN-N. Urea ust. valer. vanad. vanil. ven-m. verat-v. VERAT. VERB. vib. vichy-g. vinc-r. vince. Viol-t. vip. visc. x-ray xan. yohim. zinc-i. zinc-p. Zinc. zing.

Short repertory of Froehlich’s syndrome

BLADDER - URINATION - urging to urinate - thirst; with agath-a. ant-t. castm. caust. gard-j. nat-m. ph-ac. positr. verat.

EXTREMITIES - NAILS; complaints of - stunted nails – Fingernails alum. but-ac. calc. Caust. fl-ac. GRAPH. Nit-ac. Sabad. Sep. SIL. sulph. Thuj.

EXTREMITIES - NAILS; complaints of - stunted nails – Toenails ars. Caust. fl-ac. GRAPH. merc. Nat-ar. Nit-ac. sabad. sep. SIL. Thuj.

EXTREMITIES - NAILS; complaints of - stunted nails alum. Ant-c. ars. calc-f. calc. carc. Caust. ferr. GRAPH. merc. nit-ac. Sabad. sep. sil. sulph. thuj.

EXTREMITIES - NAILS; complaints of Alum. am-m. ambr. ant-c. arg-n. ars. aur. bar-c. bell. bism. borx. bov. calc. carb-v. castor-eq. Caust. chel. chin. cocc. colch. CON. CROT-H. dig. dros. ferr. GRAPH. hell. HEP. hyper. iod. KALI-C. kali-n. LACH. lyc. m-ambo. m-arct. M-aust. Merc. mez. mosch. mur-ac. Nat-m. Nit-ac. nux-v. par. petr. ph-ac. phos. plat. puls. ran-b. rhod. rhus-t. ruta Sabad. sec. SEP. SIL. Squil. staph. sul-ac. SULPH. teucr. thuj. upa. ust. x-ray

FEMALE GENITALIA/SEX - ATROPHY – Ovaries apis bar-c. Bar-m. Carbn-s. Con. helon. IOD. orch. ov. plb. x-ray

FEMALE GENITALIA/SEX - ATROPHY – Uterus BAR-C. calen. caul. iod. plb. ust.

FEMALE GENITALIA/SEX - ATROPHY – Vagina syph.

FEMALE GENITALIA/SEX – ATROPHY bufo

FEMALE GENITALIA/SEX - MENSES - delayed in girls, first menses Abrom-a. acon. agn. alet. am-c. ant-c. apis aur-s. Aur. Bar-c. bar-m. bry. Calc-p. calc-s. Calc. Carbn-s. castm. caul. CAUST. chel. cic. cimic. cocc. Con. croc. cupr. dam. dig. dros. dulc. Ferr. GRAPH. guaj. Ham. helon. hyos. KALI-C. Kali-p. kali-perm. lac-d. lach. lith-f. Lyc. Mag-c. mag-m. Mang. merc. nat-lac. NAT-M. Petr. phos. polyg-h. PULS. sabad. Sabin. sang. sars. SENEC. Sep. sil. spig. staph. stram. stront-c. Sulph. Tub. valer. verat. vib. Zinc.

GENERALS - DEVELOPMENT – arrested Agar. aloe ant-c. bac. Bar-c. bar-m. bar-p. bar-s. borx. bufo CALC-P. Calc. Carc. cupr. des-ac. hypoth. kreos. lyc. nat-m. nep. ol-an. Phos. rad-br. rhod. Sil. sulfa. syph. thym-gl. thyr. toxo-g. tub. vip.

GENERALS - DEVELOPMENT - complaints of agar. Bar-c. CALC-P. chin. kali-c. nat-m. ph-ac. Phos. sil. sulph.

GENERALS - DEVELOPMENT - slow – Bones agar. calc-f. Calc-p. Calc. ferr. ph-ac. puls. sil. succ-ac.

GENERALS - DEVELOPMENT - slow – Joints guaj.

GENERALS - DEVELOPMENT – slow bac. bar-c. bufo calc-p. Calc. caust. cupr. kreos. lac-d. mag-m. med. nat-m. pin-s. sil. sulph. thyr. toxo-g.

GENERALS - DIABETES MELLITUS abrom-a. acet-ac. adren. aether alf. all-s. allox. aloe alumn. am-act. anthraco. apoc. arg-met. arg-n. arist-m. Ars-br. ars. asc-c. aspar. aur-m-n. aur. bar-m. Bor-ac. bov. brid-fr. calc-p. calc-sil. calc. canth. carb-ac. carb-v. carc. card-m. Carl. caust. cean. cephd-i. chel. chim. Chion. chlol. chlorpr. clem. coca cod. coff. coloc. con. cop. cortico. cortiso. cub. cupr-act. cupr-ar. cupr. cur. eup-pur. ferr-i. ferr-m. ferr-p. fl-ac. flor-p. friedr. gal-ac. galeg. glyc. Gymne. hed. helon. hydrang. hygroph-s. indgf-a. ins. Inul. iod. iris kali-act. kali-br. kali-chl. kali-i. kali-p. kiss. kreos. Lac-ac. lac-d. lach. led. lept. lith-c. lyc. lycps-v. mag-act. mag-o. mag-p. mag-s. mang-act. med. meny. merc-d. merc. moni. morind-l. morind-m. morph. mosch. mur-ac. murx. nat-ch. nat-lac. nat-m. nat-p. NAT-S. nauc-l. nep. nit-ac. nux-v. Op. orthos-s. oxyg. pancr. peps. perh. ph-ac. Phase. phlor. phos. pic-ac. pilo. plan. plb. podo. rad-br. rad-met. ran-b. rat. Rhus-a. rhus-r. rhus-t. sacch-l. sal-ac. sanic. sarcol-ac. saroth. sep. Ser-ang. sil. spong. Squil. stict. stront-c. stry-ar. sul-ac. sulfonam. sulph. syph. SYZYG. tarent. TER. Terebe. term-a. thuj. thyr. uran-m. Uran-n. Urea vanad. vichy-g. vinc-r. vince.

GENERALS - OBESITY - children; in Ant-c. Bad. bar-c. bell. Brom. CALC. Caps. cina Coloc. Ferr. graph. guaj. Ip. Kali-bi. kali-c. puls. sacch. sars. seneg. sulph.

HEAD - PAIN - vision; from complaints of Mag-p.

MALE GENITALIA/SEX - ATROPHY – Penis agar. aloe amyg. ant-c. arg-met. Arg-n. Berb. caj. Cann-i. carbn-s. IGN. LYC. merc-sul. merc. op. pic-ac. plb. staph.

MALE GENITALIA/SEX - ATROPHY – Scrotum kola

MALE GENITALIA/SEX - ATROPHY - Testes - children; in aur.

MALE GENITALIA/SEX - ATROPHY – Testes agn. ant-c. ant-o. antho. Arg-n. aur-i. Aur. bar-c. bufo Caps. Carb-an. carbn-s. cerc-s. cere-s. chim. con. Gels. ign. Iod. kali-br. KALI-I. Lyss. meph. plb. Rhod. sabal staph. testis vanil. x-ray zinc.

MIND - RETARDATION; mental – children aur. bufo Carc. iod. lyc. merc. phos. plb. sil. sulph. tub. zinc.

MIND - RETARDATION; mental - injuries - head; of the Cic.

MIND - RETARDATION; mental ambr. ars-i. aur. bar-m. Bufo carc. cic. des-ac. iod. kali-br. lyc. merc. pert. phos. plb. sil. sulph. syph. Tub. zinc.

SKIN – THIN nat-m. phos. syph.

STOMACH - THIRST - large quantities; for - long intervals, at BRY. cassia-s. hell. pitu-gl. podo. sulfonam. Sulph. verat.

STOMACH - THIRST - large quantities; for - often; and abrom-a. Acon. arn. ars. bapt. Bell. BRY. cassia-s. cop. dulc. Eup-per. lac-c. Lac-d. lac-h. lil-t. melal-alt. Nat-m. ruta samb. stront-c. syph. taosc. Tarent. Thyr. vanil.

STOMACH - THIRST - large quantities; for abrom-a. acet-ac. Acon. Agath-a. allox. ARS. bac. bad. bamb-a. bapt. bar-i. bell. bism. BRY. bung-fa. calc. calen. camph. canth. carbn-s. carc. cassia-s. cephd-i. Chin. coc-c. Cocc. cop. cortiso. cystein-l. dulc. Eup-per. falco-pe. Ferr-p. ham. hir. iod. irid-met. jatr-c. kali-i. kali-s. lac-c. Lac-d. lac-leo. lil-t. lycpr. Lycps-v. melal-alt. Merc-c. merc-i-f. merc. NAT-M. nept-m. pant-ac. petr-ra. PHOS. pic-ac. plut-n. Podo. positr. ribo. ruta sacch. sal-al. sol-ni. spong. Stram. sulfonam. SULPH. taosc. thiam. Thyr. tritic-vg. tub. tung-met. vanil. VERAT. vip. xan. zinc-i.

URINE – COPIOUS abrom-a. ACET-AC. Acon. adon. aesc. Aeth. Agar. Agath-a. agn. aids. all-c. all-s. allox. ALOE alum-p. alum-sil. Alum. alumn. am-c. Am-m. am-n. Ambr. anac. anan. androc. ang. Ant-c. ant-t. Anthraci. anthraco. Apis Apoc. aran-sc. ARG-MET. ARG-N. arizon-l. arn. ars-br. ars-i. ars-s-f. Ars. Arum-t. asc-c. ASPAR. aster. atro. aur-ar. aur-i. Aur-m-n. Aur-m. aur-s. Aur. bac. bamb-a. Bar-c. bar-i. bar-m. Bell. benz-ac. berb. Bism. bit-ar. bov. brach. brom. bry. bufo Cact. cadm-met. Cain. calc-f. calc-i. Calc-p. calc-sil. Calc. Camph. CANN-I. cann-s. cann-xyz. Canth. caps. carb-ac. Carb-an. carb-v. carbn-s. card-m. caru. caul. caust. cean. Cedr. cench. cham. Chel. Chim. Chin. chinin-ar. chinin-s. Chlol. chlor. cic. Cimic. Cina cinnb. Clem. cob-n. cob. coc-c. cocc. coch. Coff. Colch. coli. Coloc. Con. conv. cop. corv-cor. Crot-c. Crot-h. crot-t. cub. Cupr. cur. Cycl. cyt-l. Daph. Dig. dros. dulc. Echi. elaps elat. Equis-h. erig. ery-a. eucal. eup-per. Eup-pur. euph. euphr. eupi. fab. fago. falco-pe. ferr-ar. ferr-i. ferr-m. ferr-ma. ferr-p. Ferr. Fl-ac. flor-p. foen-an. form. gal-ac. gali. gamb. GELS. germ-met. gink-b. gins. glon. glycyr-g. gnaph. graph. grat. guaj. ham. hed. hedy. hell-o. hell. helo-s. Helon. hep. hyos. Ign. ins. Iod. ip. Iris jatr-c. junc-e. kali-ar. Kali-bi. kali-br. Kali-c. kali-chl. Kali-i. Kali-n. Kali-p. Kali-s. kali-sil. Kalm. kola KREOS. lac-ac. LAC-C. Lac-d. Lach. lact. lappa laur. Lec. LED. Lil-t. Lith-c. lob. Lyc. Lycps-v. lyss. m-arct. m-aust. Mag-c. mag-p. Mag-s. mang. marb-w. med. Meli. Merc-c. merc-i-f. Merc-i-r. MERC. mez. morph. MOSCH. MUR-AC. Murx. mygal. Nat-ar. NAT-C. nat-m. Nat-p. NAT-S. nicc-s. nicc. nit-ac. nux-m. Nux-v. oci-sa. Ol-an. olnd. op. opun-s. Ox-ac. oxyt. ozone pall. par. petr-ra. petr. Petros. PH-AC. phor-t. Phos. Phyt. pic-ac. pin-s. pitu-gl. pitu-p. Plan. Plb. plut-n. Podo. Prun. psor. ptel. PULS. Raph. rat. rauw. rheum Rhod. rhodi. rhus-g. RHUS-R. RHUS-T. Ros-ca. rumx. ruta sabad. Sabin. sacch-a. sal-al. samb. sang. sanic. santin. saroth. sarr. Sars. scop. sec. sel. Senec. Seneg. sep. sil. spartin-s. spartin. SPIG. spong. SQUIL. stann. Staph. stict. stram. stront-c. stroph-s. sul-ac. sul-i. sulfonam. SULPH. suprar. Syzyg. tab. Tarax. Tarent. tax. tell. Ter. Teucr. Ther. thiosin. Thuj. thymol. Thyroiod. trad. tril-p. tritic-vg. uran-met. URAN-N. valer. vanil. ven-m. verat-v. Verat. VERB. vib. Viol-t. vip. visc. yohim. zinc-p. zinc. zing.

VISION - BLURRED - headache – during anac. bell-p-sp. carc. coll. conch. crot-h. ip. iris nat-p. ptel. ruta tritic-vg.

VISION - COLORS before the eyes - accompanied by - Head; pain in med. psil.

VISION - FLICKERING - headache – during caps. CHIN. chinin-ar. chinin-s. Coloc. con. CYCL. graph. Lach. NAT-M. Phos. sars. Sil. Sulph. tritic-vg.

VISION - LOSS OF VISION - headache – during atro. bell-p-sp. Bell. Caust. Chen-a. cupr. Ferr-p. Gels. Kali-bi. Lac-d. lil-t. MELI. Nat-m. petr. Sep. Stram. vanil. Zinc.

Bibliography

 Babinski-Fröhlich Syndrome > Synonyms Syndromes: Rapid Recognition and Perioperative Implications... Adiposogenital Syndrome; Dystrophia Adiposo-Genitalis; Neuropituitary Dystrophy; Cerebral Adiposity; Pituitary Infantilism of Adults; Fröhlich Syndrome; Fröhlich Obesity; Morbus Fröhlich Syndrome; Launois-Cléret Syndrome. ...

 Babinski-Fröhlich Syndrome Syndromes: Rapid Recognition and Perioperative Implications

 Chapter 27. The Hypothalamus and Neuroendocrine Disorders > Adiposogenital Dystrophy (Froehlich Syndrome) Adams & Victor's Principles of Neurology, 10e

 Chapter 38. Developmental Diseases of the Nervous System > Other Chromosomal Dysgeneses Adams & Victor's Principles of Neurology, 10e... syndrome was already mentioned in relation to the hyperphagia of hypothalamic disorders (adiposogenital dystrophy, Froehlich syndrome). It is not uncommon (1 in 20,000 births) and affects both sexes equally. Hypotonia (floppy infant), areflexia, small stature, dysmorphic facies, and hypoplastic genitalia...

 Chapter 4. Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland > Other Manifestations of Hypothalamic Dysfunction Greenspan’s Basic & Clinical Endocrinology, 9e... to polydipsia and polyuria that may mimic diabetes insipidus. Obesity is common in patients with hypothalamic tumors because of hyperphagia, decreased satiety, and decreased activity. Frohlich syndrome, or adiposogenital dystrophy, is characterized by obesity, growth retardation, and delayed development...

 Encyclopedia Homoeopathica

 Obesity in the Obstetric Intensive Care Patient > DEFINITIONS Obstetric Intensive Care Manual, 4e... Extremely obese ≥40.0 III TABLE 6-3. Obesity: Differential Diagnosis (<1% of Etiology) Hypothyroidism Insulinoma Prader-Willi syndrome Adiposogenital dystrophy Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome Partial lipodystrophy Hypothalamic pathology...

 Radar 10

 The Hypothalamus and Neuroendocrine Disorders > Adiposogenital ystrophy (Froehlich Syndrome) Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 11e

 Weight gain > Endocrine disorders Murtagh's General Practice, 6e... Endocrine disorders in children that can rarely cause obesity include hypothyroidism (often blamed as the cause but seldom is), Cushing syndrome, insulinomas, hypothalamic lesions, Fröhlich syndrome (adiposogenital dystrophy) and Stein–Leventhal syndrome (PCOS) in girls. ...

 

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